Cerebral palsy is a term used to describe a group of chronic conditions
affecting body movement and muscle coordination.
It is caused by damage to
one or more specific areas of the brain, usually occurring during fetal
development; before, during, or shortly after birth; or during infancy.
Although cerebral palsy is not "curable"
in the accepted sense, training and therapy
Cerebral palsy (CP) is latin
and it means paralyzation through brain damage.
"Cerebral" refers to the brain and "palsy"
to muscle weakness/poor control.
It is not a disease and should not be referred to as such.
Cerebral palsy is
caused by faulty development of, or damage to, motor areas in the brain that
disrupts the brain's ability to control movement and posture. Symptoms of
cerebral palsy include difficulty with fine motor tasks (such as writing or
using scissors), difficulty maintaining balance
The symptoms differ from person to
person and may change over time. Some people with cerebral palsy are also
affected by other medical disorders, but cerebral palsy does not always
Many different reasons for the damage
It can be because the mother has been
ill during pregnancy. She may have had a virus of some kind,
More than half of all CP injuries
arise during labour. the most common reasons are haemorrhage,
asphyxia or premature birth. Since the 70's CP has increased because more
Congenital cerebral palsy, results from brain injury during intra-uterine life. It is present at birth, although it may not be detected for months. It is responsible for about 70% of children who have cerebral palsy. An additional 20 % are diagnosed with congenital cerebral palsy due to a brain injury during the birthing process. In most cases, the cause of congenital cerebral palsy is unknown.
On the other hand, in the United States, about 10 percent of children who
have cerebral palsy
Yes. Spastic diplegia, is only one of several disorders
called cerebral palsy. Today doctors classify cerebral palsy into three
principal categories—spastic, athetoid, and ataxic,—according to the type
Spastic cerebral palsy. In this form of cerebral palsy, which
affects 70 to 80 percent of patients,
Athetoid, or dyskinetic cerebral palsy. This form of cerebral
palsy is characterized by uncontrolled, slow, writhing movements. These
abnormal movements usually affect the hands, feet, arms, or legs and, in
some cases, the muscles of the face and tongue, causing grimacing or
Ataxic cerebral palsy. This rare form affects the sense of balance
and depth perception. Affected persons often have poor coordination; walk
unsteadily with a wide-based gait, placing their feet unusually far apart;
and experience difficulty when attempting quick or precise movements,
Mixed forms. It is not unusual for patients to have symptoms of
more than one of the previous
Early signs of cerebral palsy usually
appear before 18 months of age, and parents are often the first
Some affected children have abnormal muscle tone. Decreased muscle tone
is called hypotonia;
Parents who are concerned about their baby's development for any reason should contact their physician, who can help distinguish normal variation in development from a developmental disorder.
Doctors diagnose cerebral palsy by
testing an infant's motor skills and looking carefully at the mother’s and
infant's medical history. In addition to checking for those symptoms
"Management" is a better word than "treatment."
Management consists of helping the child achieve maximum potential in growth
and development. This should be started as early as possible with
identification of the very young child who may have a developmental brain
As individuals mature, they may require support services such as personal assistance services, continuing therapy, educational and vocational training, independent living services, counseling, transportation, recreation/leisure programs, and employment opportunities, all essential to the developing adult. People with cerebral palsy can go to school, have jobs, get married, raise families, and live in homes of their own. Most of all people with cerebral palsy need the opportunity for independence and full inclusion in our society.
|Useful links if you want to learn more|
|Cerebral Palsy - A guide for care|
|NINDS - National Institute for Neurological Disorders and Stroke|
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